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Learning Techniques

Learning Techniques for PSC Examinations

   
1. The Reading Technique – Go multiple rounds
  If you are learning a new topic, don ’ t try to learn everything in one go. Go in 2-3
rounds.
 
  1. In the first round, glance through the headings, words in bold, sidenotes, introduction, and summary. Underline what you think as important. This would help you get a basic idea and interest in the topic you are about to learn.
  2. In the 2nd round, read the entire article in full. Create notes on the important concepts or ideas discussed.
  3. In the 3rd round, revise the text again – focussing on your notes, headings of the chapter, summary, and any questions given at the end of the chapter.
2. The Distributed Learning Technique – Use Intervals
 
  1. Don’ t study at a stretch for long hours, unless you are thoroughly enjoying the process.  In general, marathon study sessions are not effective. You can get far more done in three two-hour sessions than in one six-hour session.
  2. Use your times of peak energy.
  3. Study when your energy levels are high.
  4. Study your most difficult subjects during the times when your energy peaks. Many people can concentrate more effectively during daylight hours. The early morning hours can be especially productive, even for those who hate to get up with the sun.
  5. Observe the peaks and valleys in your energy flow during the day and adjust study times accordingly.
3. The Writing Technique
 
  1. Writing a note to yourself helps you remember an idea, even if you never look at the note again.
  2. Write down an idea not one time, but many times.
4. The Drawing Technique
  Draw diagrams. Make charts, maps, and cartoons. Use them to connect facts and illustrate relationships.
5. The Long-Term Memory Technique
 
  1. You need to escape from the short-term memory trap, first.
  2. If you think you have studied everything and keep your books down after 1 round of reading, you are most likely to fall into the short-term memory trap.Short-term memory can decay after a few minutes, and it rarely lasts more than several hours. A short review within minutes or hours of a study session can move material from short-term memory into long-term memory. That quick mini-review can save you hours of study time when exams roll around.
6. The Revision Technique
  This is the most important technique in PSC exam preperation.
  1. Even information stored in long-term memory becomes difficult to recall if we don ’ t use it regularly.
  2. To remember something, access it a lot.
  3. Read it, write it, speak it, listen to it, apply it — find some way to make contact with the material regularly.
  4. Each time you do that, you widen the neural pathway to the material and make it easier to recall the next time.
7. The Healthy Lifestyle Technique and Relaxing Memory Technique
 
  • Eat right, sleep well, and enjoy your life.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Remember that a healthy mind resides in a healthy body.
A relaxed mind can remember more. Stress kills memory. So learn to relax.